Economics: institutions, borders, norms and sentiments do matter

Tom Healy, Director NERI

by Tom Healy, Director NERI (Nevin Economic Research Institute)

There are only five ways to avoid a further hardening of the border on the island of Ireland:

  1. The United Kingdom does not leave the EU – after all.
  2. A united Ireland within the UK and outside the EU is agreed.
  3. A united Ireland outside the UK and within the EU is agreed.
  4. The EU breaks up and/or there is an Irexit in which case Ireland and the UK are free to negotiate whatever bilateral arrangements suit them.
  5. Some special status is agreed whereby Northern Ireland remains within the EU and the UK.

> Read more